1 edition of Metabolism of selected organic compounds by microorganisms in the Athabasca River. found in the catalog.
Metabolism of selected organic compounds by microorganisms in the Athabasca River.
Bibliography: p. 46-48.
|Series||AOSERP report ;, 121|
|Contributions||Alberta. Alberta Environment.|
|LC Classifications||QR105.5 .M47 1981|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 97 p. :|
|Number of Pages||97|
|LC Control Number||82156603|
1 Introduction: Characteristics of Aerobic Microorganisms Capable of Degrading Organic Pollutants 2 Principles of Bacterial Degradation Typical Aerobic Degrading Bacteria Growth-Associated Degradation of Aliphatics Diversity of Aromatic Compounds – Unity of Catabolic Processes Extension of Degradative Cited by: Keywords: Lactobacillus plantarum, aerobic conditions, anaerobic conditions, growth, organic acids Introduction The genus Lactobacillus is by far the largest of the genera included in lactic acid bacteria (LAB). It is very heterogeneous, encompassing species with a .
Other lithotrophs do not use organic compounds as sources of energy; in fact, they won't transport organic compounds. CO 2 is the sole source of carbon for the methanogens and the nitrifying bacteria and a few other species scattered about in other groups. Microbial metabolism and biochemical assays By Dr. C. Rexach Microbiology Mt San Antonio College. Metabolism •Sum total of all chemical reactions in living organisms •Two general types Chemoheterotroph Chemical Organic compounds Fermentative bacteria, Animals, protozoa, fungi, Size: 3MB.
Microorganisms are frequently able to degrade anthropogenic materials using pathways that evolved for the assimilation of related naturally-occurring compounds. Complications can arise, however, during the metabolism of mixtures when incompatible intermediates are formed from different components. Bouwer, E. J and Zehnder, A J B () Bioremediation of organic compounds putting microbial metabolism to work. Trends Biotech – PubMed CrossRef Google ScholarCited by:
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The metabolism of selected organic compounds by microorganisms in the Athabasca River. Author(s) / Creator(s) Westlake, D. Coutts, R. Nix, P. Pasutto, F. In this study, the ability of microorganisms to degrade selected organic substrates in samples of Athabasca River water and water-sediment has been by: 1.
The Bacteria: A Treatise on Structure and Function, Volume II: Metabolism deals with the gross metabolism of microorganisms in energy liberating reactions and pathways.
The book investigates energy-yielding metabolism in bacteria; fermentation; terminal oxidation and its cyclic mechanisms; electron transport; and bacterial photosynthesis and. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page.
Links to PubMed are also available for Selected by: There are numerous studies on the bioavailability of metal pollutants (for example see Serra et al., ; Soldo and Behra, ) but very few studies on the bioavailability of organic pollutants.
metabolism is indicated. Finally, Matsumura and Boush (40) reported the degradation of dieldrin by 12 soil isolates growing in man-nitol-yeast extract medium. The lack of growth ofthese microorganisms at the expense of dieldrin, in the absence of the additional carbon and energy source, mannitol, indicates that co-metabolism was responsible for break-Cited by: Organofluorine compounds are accepted as substrates by many enzymes, and the interactions of microorganisms with these compounds are of relevance to.
Bacterial Metabolism focuses on metabolic events that occur in microorganisms, as well as photosynthesis, oxidation, polysaccharide formation, and homofermentation. The book first discusses the thermodynamics of biological reactions, photosynthesis and photometabolism, and chemosynthesis.
Incorporation of fluorine into an organic compound can favourably alter its physicochemical properties with respect to biological activity, stability and lipophilicity. Accordingly, this element is found in many pharmaceutical and industrial chemicals.
Organofluorine compounds are accepted as substrates by many enzymes, and the interactions of microorganisms with these compounds Cited by: Microbial Metabolism I.
Metabolism Metabolic diversity among microorganisms • Life is based on organic molecules made of carbon skeletons • Oxygen and hydrogen are important elements of organic compounds • Electrons are needed i) for processes that provide energy (e.g., File Size: KB.
Chemistry of the Oxidative Metabolism of Certain Aromatic Compounds by Micro-OrganismsCited by: Microbial Metabolism of Food Components. Respiration takes place when any organic compound is oxidized completely to CO 2 and H 2 O.
Bacterial photosynthesis is a Autotrophy is a unique form of metabolism present only in bacteria. Autotrophic bacteria oxidize inorganic compounds directly to yield energy. Food Microbiology: Principles. MICROBIAL METABOLISM OF PAHS.
There are three fundamentally different mechanisms in the aerobic metabolism of PAHs by microorganisms (Fig 2) and specific details of bacterial and fungal (ligninolytic and nonligninolytic) PAH - metabolism are discussed below. The basis of these mechanisms is the oxidation of the. I Nutrition and Culture of Microorganisms 86 Nutrition and Cell Chemistry 86 Culture Media 88 Laboratory Culture 90 II Energetics and Enzymes 92 Bioenergetics 92 Catalysis and Enzymes 93 III Oxidation–Reduction and Energy-Rich Compounds ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides notes on hydrocarbon metabolism in organisms.
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen. The simplest hydrocarbon is methane (CH4). A host of bacteria can also use other hydrocarbons like alkanes, alkenes, cyclic and aromatic compounds.
Alkanes are linear saturated hydrocarbons having the. Heterotrophic (= assimilating organic carbon sources) microorganisms require carbon dioxide as well. Many bacteria living in blood, tissue or in the intestinal tract are adapted to a carbon dioxide content higher than that of normal air.
These bacteria are therefore incubated in an atmosphere containing 10%(vol) carbon dioxide. Microaerophilic bacteria grow well in low concentrations of oxygen, but are killed by higher concentrations. Nutrient Requirements. These include sources of organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and metal ions including iron.
Bacteria secrete small molecules that bind iron (siderophores, e.g. enterobactin, mycobactin). 2 Bacteria capable of metabolizing hydrocarbons under anoxic conditions.
Hydrocarbons are highly reduced organic molecules. In chemotrophic organisms, the reducing equivalents generated during transformation of hydrocarbons to metabolic intermediates need to be transferred to an electron acceptor with a more positive redox potential to allow energy conservation for by: METABOLISM IN BACTERIA Microbial Metabolism Metabolism refers the sum of biochemical reactions required for energy generation and the use of energy to synthesize cellular materials.
The energy generation component is referred as catabolism and the build up of macromolecules and cell organelles are referred as anabolism. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is the amount of dissolved oxygen needed (i.e.
demanded) by aerobic biological organisms to break down organic material present in a given water sample at certain temperature over a specific time period. The BOD value is most commonly expressed in milligrams of oxygen consumed per litre of sample during 5 days of incubation at 20 °C and is often used as a.
Coenzyme derivatives are especially important to the energetics of anaerobic microorganisms, in particular those whose energy metabolism depends on fermentation.
maintenance energy In the absence of an external energy source a cell can break down these polymers to make new cell material or to supply the very low amount of energy needed to maintain the cell integrity when it is in a non. In order for metabolism to be possible, compounds must have low toxicity, and their concentration must be high enough to support the life processes of microorganisms [15,16].
Co-metabolism is the degradation of organic pollutants by microorganisms when using other substances as a Cited by: 1.Photoheterotrophy: use of organic compounds as a carbon source during bacterial photosynthesis Anoxygenic photosynthesis: photophosphorylation in the absence of O 2.
Methanogenesis: an ancient type of archaean metabolism that uses H 2 as an energy source and produces methane.Microorganisms, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Special Issue "Plant Microbial Interactions" Special Issue Editors Special Issue Information be independent of bacterial auxin and could be caused by a combination of different diffusible compounds and volatile organic compounds .